The mouth is the main organ for communication and it attracts the look of people around us. Thus, it is not surprising that as from Ancient Times, beautiful teeth were considered the best "business card" for an attractive and cared for body. For this reason, nowadays it is fair to expect from of your dentist not only a functionally perfect result, but also and even more important an improved cosmetic result. Modern dentistry is able to satisfy this desire through the replacement of lost teeth leading to an improved smile and increased self confidence. In cases where bone grafting is needed, the dentist can choose place his trust in materials of natural origin, produced from selected and certified raw materials and perfectly tolerated by the human body. These products guarantee excellent healing results, as reported testified by several clinical studies published in prestigious international scientific journals.
Main causes of bone loss
The causes of alveolar bone loss both in terms of height and width are several:
1 - loss of one or more teeth due to trauma(1)
2 - Bone atrophy resulting after non grafted established after extraction of one or more teeth or after prolonged use of mobile prostheses(2)
3 - Inflammatory and degenerative diseases of gingival tissues and support apparatus of tooth, due to bacteria, responsible for dental plaque and tartar (periodontitis)(3)
To solve these frequent problems and guarantee the stability both of natural teeth and eventually dental implants, it is necessary to augment the volume of alveolar bone with the use of bone grafting materials.
Causes for bone reconstruction
1 - Placement of dental implants: the alveolar bone has insufficient dimensions to allow safe anchorage of implants.
2 - Periodontal disease: teeth progressively lose the anchorage to alveolar bone due to bacterial infection, responsible for the destruction of bone and periodontal ligament tissues.
3 - Wide dimension bone damages: trauma or degenerative pathologies (tumors) may destroy maxillofacial anatomical parts that will need partial or total reconstruction.
4 - Pneumatization of the maxillary sinus: the rehabilitation of a wide loss of bone in the posterior region of maxilla may be necessary to assure safe anchorage of dental implants.